Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTD)
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) stands for various medical conditions in a feline of any breed, size, or age. Discover today what the warning signs are and read on.
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) stands for several different conditions that affect the urethra and the bladder of cats. In this article, we will show the symptoms and treatment of this condition.
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTD)
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is any disorder that can appear in the urethra or the cat’s bladder. These disorders can range from mild to severe. This condition can appear in the cat of any age, breed, or gender.
If you notice that your feline often licks her paws she just might be experiencing this condition. If your feline urinates outside of her litter box or shows any of the following habits you might visit your veterinarian.
Clinical Signs Of Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTD)
Being a responsible pet owner means that you should provide proper vaccination, good nutrition, and maintaining a cat’s health with regular veterinarian check-ups.
Also, a huge part of the responsible pet owner is knowing when you should contact your veterinarian. Knowing what symptoms your cat should never display just might save your cat life.
The most common signs of feline lower urinary tract disease
- Blood in the urine
- Painful urination
- Crying out while urinating
- Frequent urination
- Urinating outside of the litter box
- Excessive licking
- Frequent licking of the genital region
Clinical signs for FLUTD are similar to any other disease. Therefore, ti’s difficult to determine what bothers your feline. It’s crucial to memorize or write down every symptom that you notice, o your veterinarian can know what to search first.
Good to know: A huge number of cats can actually develop a disease without any obvious symptoms.
This is why regular visits to your veterinarian are so helpful.
Cats That Are More At Risk Of FLUTD
Truth is that FLUTD can appear in any cat regardless of breed, size, and gender.
According to numerous research, it’s discovered that cats with specific characteristics are more prone to FLUTD. That being said, this disease is more common in:
- Neutered cats
- Cats that eat a dry diet
- Cats which take little exercise
- Overweight cats
- Middle-aged cats
- Cats with little or no access outside
How Is FLUTD Diagnosed?
Because FLUTD has various causes, it can be challenging to diagnose. So, based on your cat’s symptoms, your veterinarian might do the following:
- Physical examination: it’s a common practice for veterinarians to first do the physical examination regardless of the symptoms. Also, a physical examination will out rule any possible external injuries and factors.
- Various tests: usually, veterinarians will run a series of urinalysis assessing urine pH and presence as well as the concentration of bleeding, infection, inflammation, and crystals.
On the other hand, if the cause is still not identified, the following tests might be recommended:
- Urine culture
- Blood work
- Additional urine tests
In cats with signs of FLUTD, especially where signs are long-lasting and persistent, it’s important to identify the underlying cause. Therefore, common causes are listed below.
Factors such as environment or emotional stress can mess strongly with your cat’s health. This may include:
- multi-pet home
- sudden change in routine
- moving home
According to practice, one of the most possible causes of FLUTD is the creation of urinary stones, in the bladder and/or urethra.
2. Urinary Infection
Your cat’s urinary tract may be infected with a number of fungi, bacteria, viruses, and even parasites, although they are pretty uncommon in cats. If an infection is found, your veterinarian will search for other diseases.
The treatment for urinary infections depends on the severity of the infection.
3. Urethral Obstruction
The most serious problem that’s linked with urinary infection is when a feline’s urethra becomes partly blocked or totally blocked. When, and if this happens, cats strain to urinate and produce urine, or produces a little. This can occur when the cat is constipated. Urethral obstruction is a potentially life-threatening condition.
Treatment of this condition always involves dislodging the obstruction. Once the obstruction is removed, further treatment will depend on the condition if the cat.
4. Feline Idiopathic Cystitis
Feline idiopathic cystitis or otherwise known FIC is also called interstitial cystitis, and inside the veterinarian circles, it’s known as one of the most common diagnoses in cats.
In reality, this condition affects less than 10 years of age cats with lower urinary tract disease.
This disease is not fully understood and usually involves few-body systems, in addition to the urinary system. Moreover, feline idiopathic cystitis comes with no specific and effective treatment.
5. Other Causes
In addition to listed disease, FLUTD may appear due to diseases such as hyperthyroidism and diabetes. Truth be told, they are less common causes but maybe the reason for FLUTD.
Furthermore, FLUTD can be caused by tumors of the urinary tract, injury of the urinary tract, or congenital abnormalities (birth defects), or even the injury of the spinal cord.
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTD) – Prevention
Depending on the underlying cause of the FLUTD, sings may occur or not. Luckily, you can still do a lot to help reduce the chances of occurrence and reoccurrence.
- Always provide small meals
- Feed on a frequent basis
- Always consult with your veterinarian
- Choose the best diet
- Know the cat feeding routine
- Mix free feeding and scheduled
- Canned food is preferred
- Provide clean and fresh water always
- If you have multi-cat home provided litter box for each
- Keep the litter box clean and in the safe corner of the home
- Minimize change in routine
- Lower stress
Treatment Of FLUTD
Treatment of FLUTD will depend on the underlying cause primarily. As a general rule, water intake should be increased in order to encourage more urination.
Encourage exercise, especially if your feline suffers from obesity or a slightly higher level of obesity. Also, encourage urination by considering how best to use litter boxes.
These are all simple, but yet effective ways to help your feline deal with this difficult condition.
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTD) – Conclusion
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) can have several different causes. In most cases, this condition leads to excessive urination and usually outside of the litter box. Therefore, it’s crucial to contact your veterinarian ass soon as you notice any strange behavior in your cat.
Since prevention of this condition is not always possible, it should be imperative to have regular check-ups at your vet.
Of course, you should follow the vet’s instructions on treatment and full recovery. In most cases, follow-up is mandatory. If not, it’s highly desirable.
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